Family: Euphorbiaceae The Bignay is a medium-sized evergreen tree
native to Malay-Asia.
The dark gree and glossy, alternate leaves make the tree an
The leaves usually are elliptical but are sometimes obovate and
measure 4 to 6 inches in length by 2 to 3 inches in width (10-15 by
The small petalless flowers are produced on terminal or axillary
The flowers have an offensive odor which, however, is not noticeable
a short distance from the plant.
Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees, but isolated
female trees usually fruits abundantly. Limited tests have shown
The globose or ovoid fruits are about 0.5 inches in diameter and
turn a dark purplish red when mature. Each fruit contains a single
seed imbedded in a juicy purple red pulp.
The acid flavored pulp is not suited for eating out of hand but can
be used to make excellent jam or jelly, and a good wine.
The fruits are produced in clusters of 20 to 30, but all do not
ripen at the same time.
The juice stains the fingers and cloting. The fruits are great
favorites of birds, which often destroy part of the crop.
Propagation: Seeds, budding, cuttings, layering .
Medical use: Bark and leaves has alkaloid which is medicinal, but
also reported to be poisonous. Bark as astringent and styptics for
wounds. Leaves are acidic and diaphoretic and when young are boiled
with pot-herbs to cure syphilitic afectatins.
Aerial rootlets decoction as vulnerary; leaf and fruit treats
hypertension, heart ache, anemia, gonorrhea and syphilis.