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Tamarindus indica Tamarinde tree Asam Fabaceae

Tamarindus indica, Tamarinde tree, Fabaceae, Asam


Tamarindus indica, Tamarinde tree, Fabaceae, Asam

This handsome tree grows to 70 ft (21 m), with a broad spreading crown and dense foliage. The short trunk is covered with shaggy brown bark. The fern-like, compound, vivid green leaves are held on slender, pale brown branchlets. The small flowers, pale orange-yellow or cream with red veins, are borne in small clusters among the leaves in summer. These are followed by the 8 in (20 cm) long pods, which ripen from green to dark brown and have brittle shells.
Cultivation: These trees need a sunny position. Once established, they will tolerate drought and exposed positions. The roots can be invasive. Propagate from seed, cuttings or by air layering in spring.
The pulp of tamarind is light brownish-red; sweetish acidic and edible.
The fruitpulp is rich in tartaric - and citric acids, high amount of vitamin C and sugar.
The fruit pulp is used in syrup, juice concentrates and exotic food specialities like chutney, curries, pickles and meat sauces.
Medical use: It is an ingredient in cardiac - and bloodsugar reducing medicine.
Medical actions and uses: cathartic, astringent, febrifuge, antiseptic, refrigerant.
The bark is used for diarrhea. Bathing with an infusion of the boiled leaves helps against skin disorders, such as scabies.